日本語
The Kinugasa Research Organization

 (Female)
 Megumi   SAKAI  Senior Researcher

■Concurrent affiliation
The Kinugasa Research Organization   /
Institute of Ars Vivendi
■Graduate school/University/other
03/2009  Ritsumeikan University  College of Social Sciences  Graduated
09/2018  Graduate School of Ritsumeikan University  Core Ethics and Frontier Sciences  Core Ethics and Frontier Sciences  Doctoral course  Completed
■Academic degrees
Doctor of Philosophy (09/2018 Ritsumeikan University Graduate School)  
■Career history
04/01/2009-08/30/2010  J-air
04/01/2019-  The Kinugasa Research Organization Senior Researcher
■Committee history
11/2015-03/2019  国立研究開発法人医薬基盤・健康・栄養研究所  研究倫理審査委員会医薬基盤分科会委員
10/2017-  京都大学iPS細胞研究所  倫理審査委員会委員
04/2019-  京都府立医科大学  特定認定再生医療等委員会委員
04/2019-  滋賀医科大学  倫理審査委員会委員、臨床研究審査委員会委員、特定認定再生医療等委員会委員
■Academic society memberships
Japanese Society for the History of Medicine  
The History of Science Society of Japan  
Japanese Society for Science and Technology Studies  
Japan Association for Bioethics  
The Japanese Society for Regenerative Medicine  
■Subject of research
Historical research on the ethics of human embryo research in Japan
■Research summary
Historical research on the ethics of human embryo research in Japan

 I have done the historical study about how the medical treatment for spinal cord injuries was formed and developed. In this study, I was discussed about the medical use of cells from aborted fetuses. From a patient's perspective, I have described the process of establishing "local knowledge" through the concept of "protection of trial subject" which emphasis on safety while patients face ethical issues. However, advanced medical promotion activities centered on male patients had weak gender perspectives, and there was a limit to the debate on abortion fetuses. Without referring to the bioethics argument and incorporating gender perspective, we cannot understand how to treat human embryos such as abortion fetuses. However, it could not be considered enough in the previous study. Because abortion fetuses are open to debate as research ethics and bioethics, this study focuses on the "preservation" of Japanese abortion fetuses. I examine the historical context and circumstances in which abortion fetal specimens were made in the relation of the Eugenic Protection Act. And I consider how the medical knowledge and discourse that might affect the woman's physical sense was generated. It also aims to identify ethical issues in the research use of abortion fetuses.
■Research keywords
Eugenic Protection Act, medical specimen, abortion, research ethics, medical history 
■Research activities   (Even top three results are displayed. In View details, all results for public presentation are displayed.)

Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI)
Link to Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research -KAKENHI-
■E-mail
■Research keywords(on a multiple-choice system)
Sociology/History of science and technology
Gender
Philosophy/Ethics
Sociology